Meningitis is a viral disease caused by a bacteria or virus. Viral meningitis is usually more prevalent, but bacterial meningitis is sometimes serious too. It may result in brain damage, death, or paralysis. Some forms of viral meningitis can be deadly. So, if you have meningitis, the goal is to keep it from complications.
If you have viral meningitis, the goal is to prevent viral spread to the rest of your body. If this happens, the complications can be much less serious, and they can occur sooner. To do that, your doctor will give you antibiotics for the inflammation. If the doctor gives you antibiotics, make sure that you are getting the recommended amounts of fluids per day.
Antibiotics will relieve your meningitis symptoms, but if you do not receive adequate fluids, the medicine is useless. Some of the medicines used to treat meningitis will dry up the fluids in the body, so you will need to drink plenty of liquids to keep yourself hydrated. The doctor may also prescribe an anti-diarrhea medication, or provide a liquid laxative to use when you feel nauseous. When vomiting, try to induce vomiting early in the day, so that you do not drink too much alcohol or liquids that will increase your nausea.
Viral meningitis can result in seizures. While this side effect is rare, if you have meningitis and a seizure occurs, you should call your doctor right away. Seizures can result in hearing loss, dizziness, confusion, coma, and death in many people. It is important that any person who has a seizure report it to their doctor immediately, and not wait to see if it clears up.
Babies often contract bacterial meningitis during days in college when they are not properly supervised. This is because babies tend to touch their nose and mouth frequently with their hands and faces. Touching the nose and mouth of an infant can transfer bacteria from one baby to another, and from one individual to another. As an infant develops his immune system, he is at risk for contracting viral meningitis from other infants. Babies can also get bacterial meningitis from their mothers, if they have a history of meningitis in the family.
There are several vaccines available for persons who have meningitis and want to avoid the complications that come with it. For example, meningococcal meningitis vaccine can help reduce the number of complications associated with the illness. The varicella vaccine is also an excellent choice. However, there are some individuals who should not receive these vaccines due to certain health conditions, such as individuals with allergies, and persons with pre-existing medical conditions. These individuals should discuss these options with their healthcare provider.
Although meningitis causes temporary symptoms such as a runny nose, cough, fever, and headache, there is a much greater risk of developing viral meningitis or aseptic meningitis later in life. Viral meningitis, also known as mumps, includes the painful symptoms caused by the spread of the virus between humans. A similar type of virus, herpes, can cause outbreaks of blisters that are filled with pus in an individual’s throat. A more serious type of viral meningitis called seroconversion syndrome causes permanent damage to brain cells and can lead to meningitis, permanent brain damage, and even death. Seroconversion syndrome has a significantly greater risk of occurring among children who have never had meningitis before.
Although most meningitis cases last only a few days, the fact is that in some severe cases, meningitis can actually last for several months. The symptoms of meningitis can be mild, or quite severe, depending on the area of the body that is infected, as well as how advanced the infection is. Meningitis causes inflammation and swelling in the meninges, which are protective membrane structures at the base of the skull that protects the spinal cord. Without proper care and treatment, meningitis can lead to long-term damage to the spinal cord and even death. For this reason, it’s imperative that everyone receive a thorough checkup and exam from a doctor whenever they think they may have a case of meningitis, regardless of whether they believe it to be a simple cold or the more serious condition of meningococcal meningitis or viral meningitis, which often begins with respiratory problems and results in much more severe problems down the line.