Magnesium Deficiency happens if one doesn’t get enough magnesium in his diet. Magnesium is an alkaline-earth metal with the symbol Mg in the periodic table. It’s a silvery gray, shiny metallic substance that bears a close resemblance to all the other five elements in this second row of the periodic table. It has a number of medical properties that make it useful in a wide range of science and medical practices. It can be found in many everyday objects as well as in pharmaceuticals used for treatments.
Because of its chemical properties, dietary magnesium can be obtained in a number of different ways. One method involves eating magnesium-rich foods such as pumpkin seeds, whole grains, cashews, walnuts, soybeans, and pinto beans. Plants contain a lot of this mineral but plants other than these contain only trace amounts. It’s possible to get much more magnesium from these sources than through dietary means alone. This is why magnesium is frequently added to nutritional supplements.
Magnesium is used in many prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. Some of these are under the names of calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus. Magnesium is also naturally present in many foods, especially meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts, and legumes. Magnesium isn’t a required nutrient in most diets but it’s always on the list of substances that should be included in diets that are supposed to provide enough of it to help with specific health problems.
There are two major conditions that affect the levels of magnesium in the blood. These are hyperventilation and low dietary intake. In the former, there is inadequate excretion, meaning that the magnesium excreted does not go to the liver to be broken down into its constituent parts; it stays in the body where it is eventually released into the blood through urine. It is not clear how this happens in the kidneys, but it could have something to do with the way the kidneys are activated or inhibited by drugs (which increase excretion).
In the latter situation, there is a severe magnesium deficiency and vomiting can occur along with other signs and symptoms. The major problem is that when there is an insufficient amount of magnesium in the bloodstream, it can cause serious damage to the functions of the organs, particularly the kidneys. This can result in a number of symptoms including nausea, vomiting, restlessness, confusion, sleepiness, fever, heart palpitations, and muscular weakness. If the overdose comes with no prior history of magnesium toxicity, the patient can suffer from these symptoms immediately.
To assess magnesium levels, the blood has to be tested because the only reliable way of assessing blood magnesium concentrations is to do it on a daily basis. The easiest method of assessing magnesium levels is to monitor the results of the urine for the measurement of serum magnesium concentrations. The urine is collected and analyzed before the medicine is taken. The serum magnesium levels are measured as soon as the urine is collected. Based on the results of the urine test and on the magnesium concentrations found in the serum, medical treatments can either be given intravenously or intramuscularly.
Diagnosing magnesium deficiency include gastrointestinal disorders, especially when nausea accompanies abdominal pain. Abdominal pain usually happens due to a tumor, but nausea can also be caused by different diseases. Because gastric acid helps in digesting food, abdominal swelling can indicate the presence of gastritis or infection. Abdominal swelling may also indicate that there is an inflammation in the stomach or intestine and, in such cases, hospitalization may be required. It is wise to seek immediate medical attention if vomiting occurs, since untreated ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are life-threatening diseases.
When nausea is accompanied by low blood pressure (hypotension), it is assumed that the patient is under the influence of some type of anesthetic. However, this is not always the case. In fact, even normal individuals can get affected by hypertension, which is characterized by low blood pressure during sleep. Therefore, low blood pressure can also be caused by excessive vomiting. Hypotension can cause hypoxemia, which is marked by low levels of oxygen in the blood. If the levels of oxygen are low in the blood, the brain functions less efficiently and the person becomes more prone to accidents, especially motor vehicle accidents.