Night Leg Cramps – Causes and Treatment Options

leg cramps

Leg cramps are common and have a wide range of symptoms including numbness, tingling, leg pain, leg cramps, and even more serious conditions like arthritis. Leg cramping is usually characterized by sharp, intense, involuntary, and sudden muscle contractions in the legs. It can be felt as a tightening or a clenching sensation. Leg cramp commonly affects the lower calf muscles but can also occur in the thighs, hamstrings, or even the big toes, particularly at night (night leg cramps). The exact cause of leg cramps is unknown but there are some general observations about cramping and other leg related conditions that can shed some light on the problem.

leg cramps

Drink plenty of water to prevent leg cramps; water is an electrolyte and a natural painkiller and can relieve the pain very quickly. The next time you feel the need to urinate, go ahead, and do it! Also drink plenty of sports drinks because sports drinks provide electrolytes as well as energy to help you with your sporty activities. One of the best home remedies for leg cramps is to drink plenty of sports drinks because sports drinks contain electrolytes and energy to help you with your sporty activities. If you do not want to drink a sports drink, there are other alternatives like apple cider vinegar and vitamin C which have been known to help reduce cramping.

The next step to take when you start to feel the first symptoms of leg cramps is to rest the affected area for several minutes. If the cramp is unbearable, you should try and get medical attention right away. However, many people believe that leg cramps happen only when you are active and therefore try to keep their activity up as much as possible until the cramp goes away. This is only true for instances where the cramp happens frequently. In rarer cases, when you get leg cramps once in a while, it does not necessarily mean that you are constipated or have some other underlying condition.

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In addition to keeping your activity level high, you should also make sure that you are getting enough potassium and magnesium. These minerals are essential for muscle contractions, muscle strength, as well as bone development and overall health. Unfortunately, people who are dieting or obese are not getting enough potassium and magnesium, which lead to the irregular muscle contractions that cause leg cramps. So if you are suffering from leg cramps, it is important to increase your intake of potassium and magnesium.

Another frequent cause of leg cramps is dehydration. Dehydration can occur due to several reasons including excessive alcohol consumption, diarrhea, and vomiting. Excessive fluid loss can hinder the proper functioning of the nerve, which causes the cramping sensation. So if you are suffering from dehydration, make sure to drink plenty of water and consume salty snacks like celery and nuts.




Sudden and involuntary contractions of the muscles are known as calf muscle spasms. They are characterized by an intense pain and tingling sensation in the legs. This can also be accompanied by a burning sensation in the toes, which makes walking difficult. This involuntary spasm can be a sign of any one of a number of conditions, including cardiac problems or nerve damage. It is important to identify any sudden and involuntary contractions and stop doing them as soon as possible.

Another common cause of leg cramps is peripheral artery disease. When there is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries – which are the blood vessels that supply the legs with oxygen the leg cramps can result. Two common types of this condition include verapamil taper drugs. However, neither of these treatments are permanent so if you are prone to peripheral artery disease, you should consider undergoing a surgical treatment to open up the arteries and thereby eliminate the cramping.

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If the problem is not caused by medical conditions or other causes, your physician may recommend an over the counter quinine supplement. Quinine is a muscle relaxant that can be purchased over the counter in combination with pain relievers and dietary modifications. You should never take quinine without the direction of your health-care provider, because quinine is known to carry serious side effects such as hallucinations, liver damage, and seizures. If you are taking other prescription or over the counter medications, such as aspirin, high blood pressure medication, and asthma medication, you should consult with your physician before taking quinine. Your health care provider will determine the appropriate course of action.

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